Literature-In-English Waec Expo 2020 Free Answers (Objective, Drama & Poetry)

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Literature-In-English Waec Expo 2020 Free Answers (Objective, Drama & Poetry)


Friday, 21st August, 2020

Literature-In-English 2 (Prose) – 08:30 hrs. – 09:45 hrs.

Literature-In-English 1 (Objective) – 09:45 hrs. – 10:45 hrs.

Literature-In-English 3(Drama & Poetry) – 14:00 hrs. – 16:30 hrs


*Literature WAEC 2020* *COMPLETED*💯💯✍️✍️✍️



Through Kabria and Sylv Po’s visit to Maa Tsuru, Fofo gets a chance to question her mother’s irresponsible nature. Maa Tsuru had no answers to Fofo’s questions just as she could not give any other option to Fofo apart from, “Go away from Accra” when Fofo inquired about why Poison attempted to rape her. Fofo from here knew she could not rely on her mother for protection; something that will come as a heavy blow to any fourteen year old. Kabria asked Fofo when inquiring about her rehabilitation process about staying with her mother again. Fofo’s answer was an emphatic ‘Never!’. This showed how sour the relationship between mother and daughter had turned.

Critically analyzing the relationship between Maa Tsuru and Fofo based on their decision making alone, the mother becomes the daughter while the daughter becomes the mother. Maa Tsuru’s poor decisions and infantile attitude suits more a teenager than a mother of six children. Fofo, the fourteen year old, seem to make the right choices guided by her instincts and naivety.

In the end, Maa Tsuru failed as Fofo’s mother and it took a once-in-a-life-time chance for Fofo to be saved off the jaws of the streets through the benevolence and motherly instincts of Kabria.

(1 Continuation)

Fofo who is confused, wants to know why the death of Baby T should necessitate an attempted rape on her, why Poison should get angered about a mother being told of her daughter's demise.

Hence Maa Tsuru explains how poison came to the house to turn her into leper. Apparently, Poison had come to the house to openly reveal how Maa Tsuru released Baby T into prostitution and made money out of her demise. As a wicked person, Poison had threatened to replace Baby T with Fofo if Maa Tsuru or others involvement in the deal make him unhappy.

Fofo is vexed, protests her mother's persistence that she should go away, and ponders where her mother wants her to go, especially when she lacks the wherewithal. She demands something better from her mother who has none to offer but Maa Tsuru regrets what she thinks "should not have happened". The above made Fofo inquire if her father is still her mother's husband.

Frustrated and weeping, Maa Tsuru decided to warn her daughter not to speak to her anyhow. Fofo is not impressed. Maa Tsuru prays silently for an end to her experience, after her daughter had told her she never wanted to come to her and her mother had shown surprise.

Later, fofo calmly asked why Poison is angry about Maami Borni coming to tell Baby T's death to her mother and if anyone has spoken of what really happened.

Lastly, Maa Tsuru's laments do not impress Fofo and later shows lack of concern to her mother's consoling words; if she liked the plastic bag in the room. She(Fofo) meets Ordaley outside and inform that all is not right, they left afterwards.

In conclusion, this episode shows how decayed and depraved Shana society is in the book "faceless"



Although the play, there is a host of irresponsible men paraded. Muted leaves Maa Tsuru because he thinks she is cursed after having four children with her, he leaves her with no financial help. Nii Kpakpo preys on her and also leaves her after two children and also leaving her astray. He sexually molests his step daughter, Baby T. There is Dina, the founder of MUTE, whose husband left four years after their marriage because they had no child. Onko is the fetish relative who rapes Baby T and bribes his way out of trouble. He eventually murders her in bid to change his financial woes. Instead of working hard, he believes the herbalists ritual will perform an immediate miracles on his business. The only man who says with his family in the novel is Kabira's husband and he isn't exactly portrayed in a good light. He's stingy and does not help out in the house. He nags his wife and his more interested in his image than the comfortability of Kabira who uses her old car, creamy to do all the house runs without help from her husband



Alani, the third child of yaremi reject his ancestry by living ibadan for a long time. As a son to Ajumobi he is the heir and the right person to inherit his property. But his concerns are entirely different and values are not the same with those of the villagers too,he adopted an individualistic attitude to life, a sharp contrast to the laufi villager's communistic deposition to the world around them.He is neither concerned about the well-being of his old mother nor his late father's properties which he is the rightful owner of the properties.

Alani was advice by Uncle Dayo of his responsibilitiy as the only son of his father, he tell him of the continuity of life which even plants and animals obey.



The last moment of Max to bigger was a result of seeing the convicted bigger in other to satisfies Biggers thirst for max's company. He believes that the only person to whom he can freely unburden his mind and who can really connect with him emotionally is Max.

Bigger is woken up from an uneasy sleep by the guard who announces the presence of his lawyer ,Max. For a moment, the lawyer and the client look at each other before finally shaking hands. The atmosphere is uneasy as as silence takes over as soon as Bigger acknowledges the receipt of the telegram sent earlier by the lawyer. The telegram had conveyed the news of the failure of efforts to get the state Governor to intervene to save Bigger's life. After a lot of emotional struggle, Bigger manages to break the silence but his speech falters. He acknowledged Max's efforts and notes that the lawyer is not to blame for Hus plight . He had forseen this concerns himself

Noticing Bugger's struggle with his speech ,Max comes to his aid by asking if there is anything he could do for him . Not knowing how to give expression to his thoughts,Bigger runs to the door and clutches the steel bar in his hands. In spite of Max's promptings ,he cannot express his thought and he feels that Max does not know what he want. Perhaps, Max has removed him from his concerns. With a great deal of efforts ,Buggers again ,manages to tell Max that he is glad to know him before dying ,thought this is not what he wanted to say. Max replies in kind ,noting that as an old person he would soon die too . Bigger tells him that he remembers their talk the other night and how important, humbling and enlightening it has been to him

Later on,bigger feels that max has understood what he wants and promptly seizes the opportunity to unburden his mind. He tells max that that it was the murder of Mary which made him see himself and other people differently. While admitting that he is not trying to dodge what is ahead since he had already foreseen it,he adds that we never meant to hurt anybody. He did so because he felt he had to,as they were,'' Crowding me to close''. He feels that his action were some sort of natural reaction to those people preventing him from getting what he wanted. He thought those people were hard, and he also acted hard. then ,he confesses that he is not hard at all,not even "a little bit".He is ,however ,determined to go to his death without crying openly to the satisfaction of his killers,though he may be crying inside of himself.

Max leads Bigger to the window and tells him to look at the buildings in the loop. He informs Bigger that though they are made of steel and stone,the buildings are held in place by the belief of men, men like Bigger himself who were kept hungry and in need. The same feelings were responsible for their growth and multiplication bit they cannot grow again because of the greed of few men. In addition ,the men inside the buildings have started to doubt,like Bigger himself did.

He advises Bigger to worry less about life and die freely .He observes that Bigger is trying to believe in himself but others opinions about him have made this difficult. Because others have labelled him bad ,he doubt's himself . Max further let's Bigger realize that those who hate him feel the same way he does

Bigger exhort Max to go home and that he is fine . He notes that going by Max's speech ,he thinks he is right in his actions. Although he never meant to kill,he thinks "what I killed for must have been good".

Max is terrified and he points out that is not what he meant . Bigger ignores his terrified look and requests him to tell his mother that he is alright and therefore not worry.

The portrayal of Bigger in this last episode underscores one of the major weakness of the protagonist. He is unfortunately inarticulate.

In the episode, Lawyer Max serves as the authorial voice in the implication of capitalism as the cause and nurturer of racial exploitation, racial discrimination and the general oppression of the working class. Here,the themes of race and class oppression are clearly highlighted.


Bigger berates himself for somehow failing to acquire more money during the murder and cover-up, feeling that he should have planned things more carefully. He visits Bessie and shows her the money. Bessie tells Bigger that his employers live in the same section of town as the Loeb family. They discuss a recent case in which Richard Loeb and his friend Nathan Leopold kidnapped a neighborhood boy, killed him, and tried to collect ransom money from the family. Bigger remembers the case and begins to concoct his own ransom plan. Bigger sees that Bessie is as blind as his family, as she uses liquor to blot out the pain of her life. He struggles over whether or not to trust her, but tells her that he has a big plan to obtain more money. Bigger tells Bessie that the Daltons’ daughter ran away with a “Red,” and that he took the money from Mary’s room after she disappeared. He says he wants to write a ransom note and collect more. He assures Bessie that Mary has disappeared for good, but Bessie is suspicious of how he knows for certain. When Bessie asks Bigger if he is involved with Mary’s disappearance, he threatens to beat her. He tells Bessie to retrieve the ransom money at a planned drop-off site, assuring her that he will be able to warn her if the money is marked or if the police are watching, as he works for the Daltons and will be privy to their plans. Bessie hesitantly agrees to help, so he gives her Mary’s money for safekeeping.



Walpole’s The Castle of Otranto displays many of the features that would become stereotypically Gothic, being deployed around ghosts and spirits. For example, the story takes place in a foreign country, in a medieval castle with towers and secret passageways. The castle is eerie and ominous, plagued by creaking hinges, trap doors clanging shut, the wailing of the wind, and the life-like quality of people in paintings.

Supernatural elements like ghosts, visions, mysterious suits of armor, and prophecies run through the novel. Though Walpole is often credited as the first Gothic novelist, such fanciful elements were in fact drawn from medieval romance, heroic tales in which knights often encountered marvels or supernatural phenomena on their adventures. Though the Gothic novel was always considered lowbrow literature even during the height of its popularity, before Walpole, “gothic” was looked down upon even more, and associated with barbarism. Walpole’s novel helped to change that, and his unfettered enthusiasm for the Middle Ages was extraordinary. One of many accomplishments he is well known for is Strawberry Hill, a faux-medieval castle Walpole built for himself and on which he based The Castle of Otranto.

Though many of the literary devices found in Otranto are now recognized as archetypically “Gothic,” Walpole’s novel indulged in humor in a way that later Gothic works such as Dracula and Frankenstein did not. Part of this is achieved merely by his presentation of Gothic and supernatural elements. For example, Conrad’s death by giant helmet, while tragic to the story’s characters, is completely absurd. The setting itself, often merely eerie in later Gothic works, is also occasionally humorous. The castle’s “deep and hollow groan” is “the effect of pent-up vapours” — in other words, the castle is farting.






























Drama & Poetry


Frank Ogbeche Portrayed Ogeyi as a "Born again Christian".

Ogeyi in the play is a slim fair complexioned and average in height. She is deep rooted in religion and religious matters. One can say that she is a religious fanatic. Her religious and Christian life was illustrated numerous times. Ogeyi in the play vowed to maintain strict Christian and religious doctrines. Thus she was a receptionist in ABC company, but her deligence and decipline to work was outstanding. Ogeyi throughout the play acts religiously and wisely. Her religious life was so much rated in how she would not want anything evil to happen to Aloho even when she is proving adamant to advice. Ogeyi's religious and Christian life made so brave thus she showed her commitment to maintain strict Christian and religious life in her confession at the police station to ACP Yakubu and Inaku. And her refusal to go any where in order to testify against Chief Halada Ade-Amaka and his cohorts. In court Ogeyi religious and Christian life was also illustrated in the fact that she has been in Jabu before Alho and has seen what ladies in Jabu do for connection and money but refuses to conform to such disdainful act in order to maintain her religious and Christian lifestyle. In a nutshell I can vividly say that Ogeyi is a true and direct contrast to Aloho. Ogeyi illustrated her religious life be accommodation in that she allows Aloho to squat in the same house with her at a place called Panya. Ogeyi has absolute faith, trust and confidence in God. She so believes that in any situation no matter how precarious it may be, God will eventually overturn it. Her excellent advice and sincere warning to Aloho clearly portrays her strong faith in God. Ogeyi has a sincere heart, good upbringing and a promising future.


Aloho comes in contact with her secondary school mate, Ochuole, who promises to secure a job for her by speaking with the Honourable Minister of External Relations, Chief Haladu Ade-Amaka, on her behalf. Ochuole keeps to her promise, and Aloho is offered a job as one of Chief's protocol officers, not knowing that the job requires more than what she thinks. She is also unaware of the fact that Ochuole is being used by Chief to perpetrate criminal activities, especially drug trafficking. As regards this, Madam Hoha is not left out as her restaurant/hotel is the hideout for Chief's criminal activities. As one of her hidden job descriptions, Aloho is given a package containing hard drugs to deliver in the United States of America. Having no idea of what is contained in the package, Aloho accepts the package from Chief Ade-Amaka wholeheartedly and subsequently gets arrested at the airport by drug law enforcement officers. Aloho is later released by the Judge and the prosecutors after collecting a huge sum of money from Chief. Upon her release, she discovers that she is pregnant by Chief and decides to abort the pregnancy after feeling being humiliated for having been used by Ochuole and Chief Ade-Amaka. Unfortunately, after several futile attempts to abort the pregnancy, Aloho dies after giving birth to the child. Ogeyi Ogar, Aloho's true friend (whose pieces of advice she had turned down) is bent on having all those who used her friend punished. As a result, she reports Chief to the police. After an investigation initiated by ACP Yakubu and a careful examination of the legal issues in the illegal activities of Chief Ade-Amaka by the Judge of the Wasa High Court of Justice, Chief Ade-Amaka and his accomplices are found guilty. In the end, justice prevails as the all the corrupt public officers in the play have a harvest of the corrupt practices they've sown for years.



The poet's selected use of words is highly contributory to the success of the poem. As a poem whose metaphorical import is very important to it's appreciation, some words and phrases appear deliberately and and appropriately employed to help the effective delivery of its message. Some examples include "giant" sabre toothed, "shudder home", "bayonets of tribulation", "unceasing disaster" and so on. The word giant is deployed to underscore the enormity of size and might of the state. In a way, the word also provides suggestive information about the setting of the poem. It hints at the spar setting being Nigeria because Nigeria is often referred to as "the giant of Africa" due to the population size. The phrase "sabre-toothed" recalls a kind of tiger with sword-like teeth, which is meant to point at the possible effect of a bite or attack from such an animal or its metaphorical referent. While the phrase "bayonets of tribulation" similarly draws attention to the sharp-edged form of violence and other challenges faced by the commoners, "shudders home" comments on their intimidation. The word "unceasing" in "unceasing disaster" clearly emphasizes the despair attending the situation. The title word "Ambush" on its part, suggests the idea that the victims of the realities in the land are either caught unawares or the perpetrators carefully planned carry out their design as wished. The choice of animals used as metaphors for the land is also carefully made to reflect the three main natural abodes of animals viz: land, sky and water. This suggests a total control of every space by the metaphorical referents.



(Answer ONLY ONE Question From This Section)


The poem, "pulley" by George Herbert is one that showcases the omniscience of God.

In the first stanza, God in the course of making man said viva-vox "a glass of blessing" standing by thus", let us pour, pour on him (man) all we can, "Let the world riches which despise lie, contract into a span". Here God says orally in the course of making man, that his sequels-(the trinity) should join him in blessing man by making all other creation/creatures which lie in the world to come under man's control. Hence, God's blessing of dominating and subduing the earth to man, as well as that of reproducing their kind on earth . These made him to give man "strength", "beauty", "wisdom", "honour" and "pleasure".

But rest lies in the base of God's belly because it is a treasure God will use as the "pulley" to make man not to forget Him, Accordingly, if God gives man rest — life devoid of trouble which God sees as a "jewelry’, man would adore God's gifts instead of God. Again man will Rest (depend) on Nature other creation, not the God of Nature, hence God will lose both man and other creation.

Moreover, God decided that he should keep all other blessings (the rest).He showered on him but have them with brain storming (repining restlessness). Hence man According to God will be rich (have all things) and be weary (unhappy), so that if man does not have a stroke of luck and is not fortunate in the course of trying to forget God, weariness may toss him(man) back to my Breast(God).

In conclusion the poem explores God’s Sagacious nature over man.


The image of the caged bird was used as a metaphorical expression to represent the classroom of which the bird was the bird that was caged. The poet used the expression to imply that the buy was like a bird that was caged and denied it's freedom to move around to do what it likes. The image of the caged bird explain the experiences of the boy. He hacked the freedom he desires and he is restricted to a certain schedule. The poet compares formal education as a prison yard and simplifies this by comparing the school system as a sort of a birds in a cage. Birds are born to enjoy flying gleefully and freely and perching on trees as they sing delightful sings/tones. The restricted bird in a cage looses all of these. Similarly, in the school system where children are restricted and have no chance to make fun with the natural environment as they would naturally want is nothing better than a cage bird. Their youthful life destroyed by fear and has no choice other than to drop their tender wings in total lamentation.


The poet in the peom is not happy With what is going on his land but as an individual he has no power over what is going on in the society. He does not want to lose completely so he want something to be done about the old ways so that they will not be lost completely. He is pleading with the new generation to accommodate the old ways of life while behaving in the new norms he pleaded that the old culture be accommodate into the new culture so that they can interprets and practice the culture side by side. In doing this the poet doest condemn the new ways but he suggested that we should not abandon our ancestral culture practice and that instead of abandoning them we should accommodate both and blend together. He posit thus " sew the old days for us, our fathers that we can wear them under our new garment... Make our self new flags and anthems while we left high the banner of our land.


The character and role of Mrs. Johnson appears mostly for comic relief. She is a flat caricature of the nosy, jealous neighbor. However, Hansberry employs the Mrs. Johnson character in order to point out the explosive realities that await the Youngers for being the first blacks to move into Clybourne Park. Mrs. Johnson is insensitive and unkind, asking indelicate, overly nosy questions. At one point, she practically says outright that she is hoping that the Youngers' new house will be bombed. Although her warnings are about a very real danger to the Youngers, Mrs. Johnson's manner is so offensive that she appears almost ludicrous. In other words Mrs Johnson also help shave the ill treatment melted out to the coloured race by the white westerners she brings in a copy of newspaper which comes the report of a bomb being detonated in the territory of the negroes and which leads to the death of a number of negroes. She is the character through whom the reader get to know that only beneatha has a little of formal education. She also goes an insight into the nature of the jobs available for the negroes. the negrose are never satisfied with their jobs.



Mrs Johnson contributed heavily to making the play, 'A Raising in the sun' a hilarious one. She is like the neighbour that creates laughter in most plays. She is gifted at getting free food out of her neighbors, the Youngers. She appears on stage for few minutes and she succeeds in getting coffee and a piece of pie. She looks 'pretty' and 'slick'. She serves as the instrument of comic relief but brings darker tone to the play.

She walks up with a newspaper that hints that a black family, residing in a white neighborhood has currently been bombed out of their house. Despite her outward friendly disposition to the Younger, she feels repulsive towards them. She reasons out that the Youngers supposed that they are too good to live in the mostly black vicinity anymore.

Mrs Johnson almost appears to enjoy disseminating the news that a black family was bombed by the racist whites. She abandons the paper in the youngers' house on her way out.

She is used by the playwright in telling the youngers' the hard realities that await them for being the first black to move into clybourne park.

She has a genuine intention in warning the youngers but her manner of approach is offensive.

Mrs Johnson's bomb story depicts her insensitivity and unkindness.

Majorly, Mrs Johnson shows the feeling of resentment that some blacks felt when others began to climb the social economic ladder.

The paper Mrs Johnson’s left in the Younger's apartment serves as evidence that will blame the latter for their rash decision of trying to live in White neighborhood.

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