100% Real Waec Gce 2015 Government Obj And Theory Answers.

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(1a) Sovereignty is the absolute power of the

state to

exercise supreme legal authority over its own


within its territory without any form of external



-External aids

-International laws

-The supremacy of the constitution

-The influence of powerful nations



A bicameral legislature is one in which the legislators are divided into two separate assemblies, chambers or houses. Bicameralism is distinguished from unicameralism, in which all of the members deliberate and vote as a single group, and from some legislatures which have three or more separate assemblies, chambers or houses.


(i) the most advantage is the security it affords the populace.

(ii)Two levels of government, elected in different ways, should mean that more views of the electorate are represented at higher levels.

(iii) less than scrupulous governments should not (ideally) be able push through legislation against the will of the people.

(iv) vigorous debate on any proposed legislation should mean that any laws passed have been subject to stringent review and revision to make them practical and workable for the benefit of all.


(4a) A unitary system of government, or unitary state, is a sovereign state governed as a single entity. The central government is supreme, and the administrative divisions exercise only powers that the central government has delegated to them. Subdivisional units are created and abolished, and their powers may be broadened and narrowed by the central government. The United Kingdom, for example, is a unitary state, as its constituent countries — England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland — have no power to challenge the constitutionality of acts of Parliament. Unitary states contrast with federal states, such as the United States, in which power is shared between the federal government and the states. (The states themselves are unitary.) More than 150 countries are unitary states, including France, China an d Japan



Public opinion can be defined as the collective beliefs, judgements or views held by majority of citizens of a country about public polity or action of the government.


(i) It directs government in knowing what the public thinks about its policies and actions.

(ii) Helps in making government in moderating her actions.

(iii) Helps voters to cast their votes for popular candidates.

(iv) It serves as an avenue of channelling public view to the government.



-The demand for the introduction of elective principles

-Demand for control of taxation by each legislative council

-The establishment of a western African university

-Demand for African majority in every municipal council in west Africa

-The proposed legislative council should be given complete control over revenue and expenditure



(i)integrated rural development

(ii) free medical treatment and education.

(iii) constitutional amendments for state creation


(i) it provided full and gainful employment

(ii) it provided free education at all levels

(iii) it provided free health services for all citizens

(iv) it fostered integrated rural development.



The commonwealth is a voluntary association of the independent countries of the former British Empire. That is to say that, it is made up of Britain and countries that were at one point in time or the other British colonies or its dependents.

Former British colonies of Canada, Australia, New Zealand, New Foundland and South Africa in 1907 started regular meetings known as "Imperial Conference" in London.

These colonies were called "Dominions" and they criticised the word in the sense that it was synonymous with domination. That brought about the "Commonwealth of Nations for the independent countries in the British Empire.


(i) Trade co-operation

(ii) Military aid

(iii) Monetary aid

(iv) Technical assistance

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