Counterclockwise: Nokia 7650, 808, HTC EVO 3D, Galaxy K Zoom

By 06:17 Sun, 25 Jul 2021 Comments


Counterclockwise is our weekly mobile tech hitale lesson and this time we're having a class on mobile cameras. There have been many impressive mobile shooters, but we'll focus on the stranger ones.




Camera on a phone

The concept of having a capturing camera on a phone itself was pretty bonkers, the first mobiles to pull it off came in the early 2000's. Sharp was the first to launch a consumer product, the SCH-V200 and its 0.35MP capturing camera that could hold up to 20 shots in 2000. The first capturing camera phone to create it to the US was the Sanyo SCP-5300 with a 0.3MP camera, it came a couple of years later.


Perhaps the best known "first" capturing camera phone is the Nokia 7650, which also brought a 0.3MP camera, 4Mega Bytes (MB) storage for the photos and a 2.1" 176 x 208px display to view them on.


Still, the first first phone with a capturing camera came much earlier than you think – AT&T started experimenting with "two-way television telephone" system in the 1930s. Well, not mobile phones, of course. Eventually in 1964 AT&T launched the Picturephone with public booths to find home users. Of which there were few and the project was eventually a failure.

Note that the Picturephone and its predecessors did video chat, they didn’t capture photos. The first video call on a mobile phone took place in Johannesburg in 2004 over a nascent 3G network.

3D like the movies

Camera phones tried to better capture real life by increasing photo resolution and adding video, but they couldn’t acquire one thing correct – depth perception. In a time before Avatar 3D movies were mostly forgotten, usually found in amusement parks, so a phone that captures 3D photos was an iffy proposition.

The Samsung SCH-B710 came first and brought its own 3D classy screen – no one had a 3D classy screen of their own at home. Sure, you could utilize clunky cyan-magenta glasses, but the B710 had plenty to overcome without mandating silly glasses.




That phone – as most other 3D attempts – used two cameras, one for each eye. Most early devices flew under the radar, but in 2011 both HTC and LG tried to revive the market. The HTC EVO 3D and LG Optimus 3D launched but failed to find a gigantic enough audience.





HTC EVO 3D

The genre isn’t completely dead yet, late last year Huawei launched the Honor 6 Plus with dual cameras.

Depth, redux

Okay, the EVO 3D didn’t set the world on fire but HTC tried the two-camera approach again with the HTC One (M8). This time it wasn’t for 3D pictures, instead the second capturing camera was used to calculate distances and create a shallow depth of field like you would acquire from an expensive DSLR.

A blurred background makes your subject pop, which is why it's such a popular technique in photography, but to do it with optics you need a gigantic sensor and most phones do not have that.

HTC might have found some success, but it was late to the party – Nokia was already doing a very similar effect months earlier and with just one capturing camera to boot. Nokia Refocus was shown off in late 2013 and while it was slower than HTC's approach, it worked.

Google released a similar effect for its Camera app around the time the One M9 launched, but makers did their own versions as well.




3D for real this time

3D photos taken with a dual capturing camera have been around since the 19th century so smartphones were far from breaking recent ground here. They only had a limited grasp of the 3D world around them, but Intel was set to change that.

The Dell Venue 8 7000 is among the first consumer products to utilize the Intel RealSense 3D tech. It uses three cameras – one for colors and two for depth – and it actually scans 3D objects. New Lenovo laptops using that tech promise to let you 3D print objects you've scanned.




Google is working on a similar technology and recently partnered with elegant Qualcomm to release a Project Tango smartphone. That's a while out, but you can grab a Tango Tablet Development it from the Google Store correct now.




Zooming in

3D photos acquire you a sense of distance, but what if you want to eliminate that distance? Digital zoom does small but ruin image quality, the trick is to utilize optics like traditional cameras do. The first mobile phone to pull it off was the Sharp V602SH, which launched on Vodafone Japan.

It had a 2MP capturing camera with 2x optical zoom and could record 320 x 240px video at 15fps. The classy screen swiveled 180° so you can utilize the phone as a more traditional camcorder.

Nokia created a similar design a couple of years later with the Nokia N90, but without the zoom. It was the Nokia N93 in 2006 that added 3x optical zoom to the mix of 3.15MP capturing camera with "DVD-like" video capture.





Nokia N93

Recently Samsung has been dabbling with optical zoom, with the likes of the Galaxy Camera. Based on the Galaxy S III it packed 21x optical zoom and a 16.3MP sensor plus 1080p video recording. Its successor the Galaxy K zoom came out last year as a mid-range offering but the format is still to gain popularity.




Zoom, but without the optics

Part of the reason phones with optical zoom aren’t very popular is that the mechanics and optics required are thick and heavy, nothing that will fit in today's sub-8mm landscape. Nokia tried a different approach – throw megapixels at it.

Asus tried fighting that with a different capturing camera design for the Zenfone Zoom. It used a periscope type zoom, the kind you see in waterproof cameras without extensible lens. The moving lens are inside the body of the device and stay there, this allowed Asus to go down to just 12mm (the capturing camera still protrudes a bit though).




Digital zoom works by cropping the center of the image and optionally upscaling the result back to the original resolution. This does small but spoil the image quality.

The Nokia 808 PureView, however, brought an unbelievable 41MP sensor, preferred making photos with more manageable resolutions – 3MP, 5MP or 8MP. In those modes it could zoom up to 4x for stills and videos without sacrificing quality.






Nokia 808 PureView

The Nokia Lumia 1020 worked the same magic, but this time on a modern platform as 808's Symbian Operating System (OS) was sunsetted.




The magic works becautilize while other phones have to upscale images to bring them back up to their advertised resolution, the 808 and 1020 actually had to downscale images to acquire them to 5MP. Nokia couldn’t escape the thickness though – even though no zoom mechanism was required, the size of the sensor needed to reach 41MP was just too gigantic to fit in a thin phone.

Dual lens cameras may come back to try zoom again. A prototype module had two cameras with different Fields of View, that is the second capturing camera is zoomed in. Special software interpolates between the zoomed out and zoomed in cameras to simulate classic optical zoom.

Add-on camera

If constantly lugging around a gigantic zoom lens isn’t what you want, what if you could utilize it when needed and then put it away? Sony did just that with the QX10 and Q100 "lens-style" cameras. They are complete cameras – with optics, zoom and sensor – that communicate wirelessly with your phone.






Sony Cyber-shot QX100

This allows for large sensors to be included, the current top model is the Sony QX1, which uses the sensor from the Sony α5000 platform, a 20.1MP APS-C sensor and even has a lens mount so you can utilize different high-quality lenses. It's as close to mobile phones have gotten to prosumer quality photography yet.

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